Today you’re going to learn exactly how to build a PC in 2019.
This is the same approach I used to build my powerful 4K video editing and gaming PC.
Let’s get started!
1. Pick Compatible PC Parts
2. Build the PC Outside of the Chassis
2.1. Install the processor
2.2. Install the Cooler
2.3. Install the Video Card
2.4. Install the RAM
3. Partially Build the PC Inside the Chassis
3.1. Install the Power Supply
4. Perform USB BIOS Flashback on the Motherboard
4.1. Test whether the Motherboard is Defective and debug
5. Complete Building the PC Inside the Chassis
5.1. Install the Motherboard in the Chassis
5.2. Insert the Drives
5.3. Install the WIFI Card
5.4. Complete Cable Management
Build a 4K Video Editing PC
Welcome! For the last couple of years I had been editing my videos on an Asus G53SW laptop that was as heavy as a cow, as loud as a jet plane, and now is as slow as a turtle when it comes to exporting heavily edited high quality footage. My dream to build my own MONSTER video editing and gaming PC has come true. Below is my PC parts list and a series of 5 YouTube video’s I produced (using the PC!). Topics include: unboxing, out-of-the box test/build, inside-the box build, RAM and motherboard troubleshooting, and BIOS flashing. I hope you find this helpful in your journey for your dream PC.
Here are the steps in the most efficient order. Simultaneously follow the instruction manuals of both components you are attaching together. Watch the videos to get a better grasp of the process.
I used pcpartspicker.com to create Yoguely’s PC Build parts list. This website is fantastic because it allows you to match compatible parts and estimate the total price of your build. First identify your needs, the minimum requirements to that meets the functionality you want. There is no need to spend a lot of money on pc parts with the latest specs when you may never take advantage of it. Save the cash for upgrades down the road. That’s the advantage of building your own PC after all. It’s upgradable!
There may be chance that some parts are defective or incompatible so first make an outside the box build, that is, assemble the computer parts to the motherboard on a table, outside of the chassis (desktop case). Avoid doing any cable management before testing the Motherboard there is always a chance the motherboard or other components are faulty after which you may need to disassemble all that beautiful progress to get the part returned.
- Identify the corner with the little triangle on the processor. Then identify the little triangle on the motherboard. Hold the processor on the sides and align the processor with the motherboard with the triangles.
- On the motherboard, flip out the retention arms that are used to hold down a processor. Do not touch anything inside.
- Slowly drop the processor in the motherboard slot without using any force.
- Close down the retention arms to secure the processor in place. A plastic cover should pop out. Store it for later use.
The cooler is placed directly over the processor.
- Remove the fan from the cooler by unclipping the four clips on it’s sides.
- Place the four screws on to the motherboard. The correct screw will prevent the cooler from moving around the motherboard.
- Insert the piece shaped like an X through the bottom of the cooler. This is used to tighten the cooler to the motherboard.
- Squeeze out a thin line of thermal paste over the processor.
- Place the cooler on the processor and screw the four screws onto the other screws placed earlier. Do this in little increments in a diagonal order until all screws are tight.
- Clip the four hooks of the fan, which was previously removed, back on to the cooler.
- Connect the wire of the cooler fan onto the corresponding slot on the motherboard according to the manual.
- Insert the video card into the motherboard slot, data is passed through here so no data cable is needed.
- Power the video card by connecting it with a power cable to the power supply. If later on the computer does not display anything on the monitor and gives an error code on the motherboard, 85% of the time this is caused by lack of power. Electrical engineering 101, it needs power to work properly!
- Insert the RAM into the motherboard slot in the pattern recommended in the motherboard manual for best results. This is according to the number of RAM cards you have.
It is unlikely that the power supply arrives defective so it is safe to assemble it inside the desktop and power the motherboard from there.
- Grab your desktop case and open the front and back panel. The front panel, usually made of glass or transparent plastic, is where all of the components are placed. The back panel, usually not see-though, is for cable management.
- Insert the power supply in the desktop case aligning the power cable port towards the outside of the chassis, and the fan facing the bottom of the chassis since there is a dust filter mesh slot that allows for airflow there.
- Provide power to the motherboard by connecting it using Serial ATX 24 pin cable to the power supply.
Follow this next tutorial for the partial outside the box build.
- Use an empty and recently formatted USB Drive.
- To format the USB Drive, plug it into your computer, right click on the usb drive, hit Format.., under Format options untick Quick Format and hit Start.
- Download the latest BIOS from the ASUS website here, this file will have a long name such as X99 deluxe and some version.
- Rename the BIOS file from the original filename such as “X99-DELUXE-ASUS-3902.CAP” to “X99D.CAP” if you have a X99 deluxe or X99 deluxe 3.1 which is the one I have. Follow the file naming guide on ASUS website here. Both motherboards should work with the same filenames.
- Place the BIOS file in the USB drive.
- Ensure that the power supply is turned off and thus the motherboard is not receiving power.
- Insert that USB into the USB BIOS Flashback port of the Motherboard outlined in green. Only slot of these is for BIOS Flashback. So you will want to put your USB in the right slot. See image below.
- Provide power to the motherboard by turning on the power supply 1/0 switch. The light on the power button and reset button on the motherboard will light up.
- Press and hold the BIOS button, outlined in green, on the Motherboard for 3 seconds. See image above for location of the button. The button will flash three times.
- Let go of the BIOS button and it will continue flashing. Let the motherboard do it’s work. Do not touch or interrupt it while it is updating. The light will turn off by it self when it is done after approximately 2 minutes.
- At this point you can unplug the USB drive, plug in a keyboard as well as a monitor to the video card and turn on the computer by pressing the power on button directly on the motherboard.
- The motherboard error code display will roll through numbers. Then the monitor will display “BIOS is updating, do not shut down or reset the system to prevent system boot up failure.” The computer will restart it self and display the previous message again.
- The UEFI BIOS utility easy mode is displayed as well as the CPU temperature. The motherboard error code display will say A9. Press F10 on the keyboard to exit.
- Congratulations! The motherboard, RAM and videocard all compatible and working great. Phew! Skip the next section on debugging the motherboard and go complete your inside the box build.
There may be an unlucky chance that the BIOS update did not work as it did for me. The debugging process involves narrowing down problem by verifying and testing each connected component.
First I figured out that the RAM I had bought was incompatible with my motherboard since the BIOS update did not work and the online manual clearly stated the incompatibility (oops). I returned the “G.Skill Aegis 32GB (2 x 16GB) DDR4-2400 Memory” and replaced it for “G.SKILL Ripjaws 4 Series 32GB (4 x 8GB) 288-Pin DDR4 SDRAM DDR4 2400 (PC4 19200) Desktop Memory Model F4-2400C15Q-32GRR”.
After inserting the correct RAM that I had happily picked up in the mail, I powered on the computer as the monitor should display something. The monitor displayed “ASUS in search of the incredible” and “New CPU installed, please enter setup to configure your system.” While this seemed like a good sign, it was shortly followed by “Chassis intrude please check your system. Fatal error. System faulted.” The motherboard error code display had error 78 which according to the motherboard manual means “ACPI module initialization.” (@_@)
Later I called ASUS support to try to get it working and after clearing the CMOS and flashing the BIOS did not work, we concluded that the motherboard was faulty/defective. They were nice enough to give me a reference number for the return.
Finally, I returned the “Asus X99-A ATX LGA2011-3 Motherboard” and then upgraded it for a “ASUS X99-DELUXE/U3.1 LGA 2011-v3 Intel X99 SATA 6Gb/s USB 3.1 ATX Intel Motherboard”. This new motherboard has built in bluetooth and Wi-Fi card. So I no longer needed the Gigabyte Wi-Fi card I had purchased.
Do this after updating the motherboard BIOS and verified that it is working well with your video card and RAM. Otherwise you may pass unnecessary trouble assembling and disassembling the build if you need to return a component.
- Place the motherboard backpanel in the desktop case. The backpanel has all of the slots for the input cables such as USB and LAN.
- Afterwards, place the motherboard build you have made so far inside the desktop case, aligning the USB ports to the backpanel slots.
- Route the cables from the desktop case ports to the motherboard to power them. The desktop case ports includes your power button, front USB ports, headphone and microphone jacks.
- Insert the solid state drives into the slots accessible through the back panel.
- Next, insert the disc drives into the slots accessible through the front panel.
- Connect the drives to the motherboard using the data cable and to the power supply using the power cable.
The first motherboard I bought did not have an internal Wifi card so I placed my own. The latest motherboard model had integrated Wifi so I did not need to use one.
- Insert the Wifi card into the motherboard slot.
Organize the cables routing them from the motherboard and power supply through the back panel and back onto the components that need them. Power on the PC and enjoy!
Follow this next video tutorial for the inside the box build.
Finally, feel free to reach out to me on twitter if you have specific questions. I’m always happy to help (n_n)b.